Amber is a fossilized conifer trees resin. 40 million years ago there was a lush forest at the place where now Baltic Sea is. Warm, almost tropical climate was conductive for tree to loose resin. Sticky, gold substance was flowing down the trees immobilizing small insects, pieces of plants, sand or even drops of water. Such organic particles immersed inside amber are called inclusions.
Ancients and amber Amber was highly valued for its beauty and properties since ages. Amber was used during production of jewellery, craft or talismans. Ancients thought that amber had a magical and healing power. Amber was so precious for them that they built 1000 km long track from Italy to North Poland. Amber route was the best secured and well-kept road of that times.
Today we love amber as much as Ancients did. We love amber for its gorgeous glitter, for its warmth, for the secret it hides. We love amber for its uniqueness and that every amber piece exists as the only one. Amber can be set in silver and gold frame; amber can be used in medicine and cosmetic business. Amber is used to make tinctures. We give special amber necklaces to babies who teethe. We, women love amber for the glitter it gives our skin lighting up and smoothing features as only candles do.
The glitter of amber
There are few tips you have to know about treating amber:
- do never clean amber jewellery with alcohol or any liquids used for polishing silver - you can clean amber jewellery with water and soap - put your amber jewellery on after using perfumes or hair spray - do not clean house in jewellery
Authenticity of amber
The easiest way to check authenticity of amber is to burn it. You can burn amber with the lighter or stocking hot pin into amber. Authentic amber smells of resin. Make the same thing with plastic - you will smell stench.
Properties of amber
- amber cannot be produced in a laboratory, it is not possible to speed up its creation - only Baltic amber contains 3 - 8 % of succinid acid. Other copal resins do not contain it at all or less than 3% - amber is resistant to solvents - amber is not hard - its hardness is 2-2,5 in Mohs scale - amber is light - its density is 0,96-1,096 g/cm3 - amber is sensitive to temperature changes - becomes darker when heated, cracks when the temperature change is significant and sudden - amber has various transparency - from cloudy to transparent - amber occurs in many colours - white, black, blue, green, red and brown and first and foremost in richness of gold shadows